Top 10 Greatest Leaders of All Time

leaderThe world changes every day. People are born and people die everything and yet, life goes on. But in this everyday normal things of life, sometimes, people who have a different flair and ability to influence a whole lot of other people are born.

Alexander The Great

Alexander III of Macedon, commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a King of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.

Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr.It all started with a dream, like it always does. A dream for change and a dream for better tomorrow. Martin Luther King Jr. was an activist and a leader in the civil rights movement of USA.

Adolf Hitler

Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. As dictator of Nazi Germany, he initiated World War II in Europe with the invasion of Poland in September 1939 and was a central figure of the Holocaust.

Napoléon Bonaparte

napoleonNapoléon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars.

Julius Ceasar

julius-ceasarHe helped make the western culture what it is today. France would not exist without the founder of the Roman empire.

George Washington

george-washingtonGeorge Washington was the first President of the United States, the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

Winston Churchill

winston-churchillSir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a historian, and a writer.

Abraham Lincoln

abraham-lincolnAbraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865 . Lincoln led the United States through its Civil War – its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis .

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma GandhiMohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India.

Thomas Jefferson

thomas-jeffersonThomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father who was principal author of the Declaration of Independence.

These are some gems because of their sheer presence and charisma and whether or not these people use their talent for good things has always been a nature vs nurture debate. But the world has seen many great leaders in all the parts of the world but some of the leaders have had not only an influence on their own countries but on the world. Now of course, such a list is always subjective. We take into consideration here, only the fact that these few were great leaders and not whether for good or bad.

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Solar Panel : How Does It Work

how-does-a-solar-panel-work
However, the first real use of the photo electric effect to generate power happened over 100 years later at Bell laboratories in 1954. By 1958, solar power was being used to produce power on U.S. spacecraft. Since that time, the methods have stayed the same, but the components of today’s solar cells are so much more efficient that they have become a major source of alternative energy around the globe. But how do solar panels work?

Solar Panel Basics

The basic mechanism behind a solar panel is something you learned about in high school science, electron shells and valence bonding. Bet you never thought you’d need to know about that in your everyday life. Here is a quick refresher.

  • Molecules seek to attain a balance between the number of protons and electrons in each of their atoms.
  • When they are in balance, the molecule is stable.
  • When the molecule is not in balance, from either gaining or losing an electron, it seeks to remedy this by returning to balance.

When sunlight hits a solar panel, photons from the light dislodge electrons from the molecules in the upper layer of the solar panel. These electrons are the source of the electricity that is generated by the panel.

Composition of the Solar Cell

The smallest unit of a solar panel is an individual solar cell. Several cells are wired together to create a module. Each module is placed within a panel and is designed to supply electricity at a particular voltage, most commonly 12 volts.

Every solar cell consists of several major components sandwiched together in a thin wafer. They can be assembled as follows:

In a traditional solar cell

  • Glass panel
  • N-Silicon layer
  • P-Silicon layer
  • Glass panel

In an organic solar cell

  • Thin film plastic or acrylic layer
  • Carbon nanotube layer
  • Organic electrolyte layer
  • Thin film plastic or acrylic layer

Titanium dioxide dye panel

  • Upper shell
  • Electrical conductor
  • Electrolyte layer
  • Catalyst layer
  • Lower shell

Traditional Solar Panels

In traditional solar panels, the shell layers were, up until quite recently, made primarily of silicon. Silicon is not a very efficient natural conductor, so it must be prepared in a process known as “doping.” The two shell layers are combined with different compounds to make them more efficient. One layer is doped with phosphorous for the positively charged (N-Silicon) panel, and the other is doped with boron for the negatively charged (P-Silicon) side.

New Organic Panels

Understanding how solar panels work in the traditional sense will help you understand why the new organic solar panels are getting such a buzz. Traditional solar panels are very rigid and costly to produce. New organic panels have the potential to eliminate both of these issues.

The Chemistry of Titanium Dioxide Solar Cells

In one new type of cell, a small amount of sunlight is absorbed into a hardened acrylic top layer. Just beneath this layer is a dye sensitized layer of titanium dioxide. This is the molecule that the electrons are knocked off from by absorbed photons. These electrons are routed out of the cell via electrical conductive wires attached directly to the titanium dioxide layer of the cell. The electrons travel through this wire creating a direct current – this is the electricity. The electric current can be routed to a converter to power alternating current tools or to a battery bank for later use.

Which Type Will Win Out?

As solar technology continues to improve, we will see the death of the traditional silicon based solar panel. Whether activated die or organic solar panels become the industry standard will likely be determined by how efficient the organic offerings can become. They have the advantage of being thin enough to be flexible and adaptable enough to be placed on several different types of material. Only time will tell, but either way it goes, solar power is going to be a huge part of future power generation. One day, the power of the sun might be directly powering your espresso machine.

15 Most Profitable Small-Business Industries

15-most-profitable-small-business-industriesWhat makes these industries profitable? For one, they’re driven by human capital.

“Service industries,” says Sageworks analyst Jenna Weaver, “are very common to find on the most profitable small-business list. This is generally due to lower overhead and startup costs. A lot of these industries you can start from your house.”

While profit isn’t the only matter for an entrepreneur to consider — other factors to consider are whether the business matches his or her skills, what sort of licensing or training is required and how the business would fare during a recession — it’s an important place to start.

1. Accounting, Tax Preparation, Bookkeeping and Payroll Services:
accounting-tax-preparation-bookkeeping-and-payroll-services“The accounting industry is consistently a top performer on our list,” says Sageworks’ Weaver. No matter how the economy is doing, everyone needs accountants. Also, this industry tends to have low overhead and repeat clients.

2. Management of Companies and Enterprises:
Management of Companies and Enterprises.jpgThis industry is made up of small, privately-owned offices of bank holding companies and other types of holding companies.

3. Offices of Real Estate Agents and Brokers:
Offices of Real Estate Agents and Brokers.jpgWhile the real-estate market is largely dependent on the health of the economy, real-estate brokers and agents have low operating costs and all you need to get started is an agent or brokerage license.

4. Automotive Equipment Rental and Leasing:
Automotive Equipment Rental and Leasing.jpgWith the on-demand economy on the rise, Sageworks analyst Libby Bierman says that people may be leasing and renting more cars using on-demand services such as Zipcar — along with more traditional rental services such as Hertz.

5. Legal Services:
legal-servicesAnyone who has ever hired a lawyer knows it’s not cheap. Law, like accounting, generally has low operating costs as well as repeat clients. However, this business category includes not only lawyers, but notaries, settlement officers (who deal in the transaction of securities) and title search agents in real estate.

6. Offices of Dentists:
Offices of Dentists.jpgDentists, like physicians, benefit from recurring patients, and while startup costs can be expensive — dental equipment is quite costly — the profession has the advantage of handling several patients at a time, plus many pay out of pocket.

7. Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution:
electric-power-generation-transmission-and-distributionThis category of small, privately-held electric power companies includes not just your traditional, fossil fuel electric powers but also hydroelectric, nuclear, solar, wind, geothermal and more.

8. Lessors of Real Estate:
Lessors of Real Estate.jpgLessors, also known as landlords, show that renting both residential and nonresidential properties is a profitable gig once you recover the initial costs of purchase.

9. Offices of Other Health Practitioners:
offices-of-other-health-practitionersHow is this category different from physicians? It’s not, really. There is a census delineation between chiropractors, optometrists, mental-health practitioners and podiatrists — who fall under this category of “other health practitioners” — and all other types of physicians.

10. Offices of Physicians:
Offices of Physicians.jpgBeing a doctor requires years of training, certification and likely, medical school debt. However, doctors also benefit from regular clients and relatively low overhead costs.

11. Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing:
Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing.jpgIt pays to rent or lease. These businesses typically rent or lease commercial machinery and equipment across industries.

12. Religious Organizations:
Religious Organizations.pngReligious organizations are having a profitable year. Really. Remember, being not-for-profit doesn’t mean your goal shouldn’t be to make a profit. It’s just how you distribute those gains. Instead of giving profits to shareholders, all of yours go to your organization’s mission, which is the furthering of your church’s aims. It has been a good year not only for churches, synagogues, monasteries, mosques and temples, but also for schools, colleges and universities that are operated by religious organizations.

13. Management, Scientific and Technical Consulting Services:
management-scientific-and-technical-consulting-serviceSome types of businesses that fall under this category are businesses that provide either management or consulting on a range of expertise, including human resources, marketing and environmental issues.

14. Specialized Design Services:
Specialized Design Services.jpgSmall businesses that specialize in interior, industrial and graphic design are flourishing, as the value of a product or business’s function has become inextricably linked to appearance and design.

15. Office Administrative Services:
Office Administrative Services.pngThese administrative businesses are the backbone of business operations across a variety of industries — from food services to physicians offices — and provide the day-to-day administrative services, such as record keeping, financial planning and billing.

NOTE : Originally published March 4, 2016.

25 Valentine’s Day Ideas for Couples

Is it more important to love … or to be loved?

couple_dancing_mainMost of us would agree with George Eliot’s words, “I like not only to be loved, but also to be told I am loved.”

With a little help from our friends, here are 25 creative ways to tell your spouse, “I love you.

  • On small pieces of paper, write down every kind of kiss that you can think of (examples: passionate, on the cheek, etc.). Then fill an inexpensive red felt bag with your “kisses” and give it to your spouse. Ask your spouse to pull several pieces of paper from the felt bag, and then give your sweetheart whatever kind of kiss is described.
  • Make a book about why you love your spouse and why you are thankful for him/her. The woman who sent this idea wrote, “He loved it! Said it was the best gift he has ever gotten. And it helped me to focus on the things I love about my husband and not his shortcomings.”
  • Take your sweetie on a scavenger hunt. Ask him/her to answer riddles to find the clues to items that you placed somewhere around town. The last item should give instructions that lead to your Valentine’s Day activities.
  • After enjoying a candlelight dinner for two at home, give your spouse a massage and watch a romantic movie. The woman who suggested this wrote, “Last Valentine’s Day when I got home from work, my husband … had our bedroom set up with a candlelit table for two. He is NOT a cook but he made an awesome meal … grilled steak, sautéed shrimp in lemon, garlic, and butter, a vegetable, and [he] bought a chocolate fountain that was flowing—surrounded by fresh fruit for dipping. After dinner he led me over to his homemade massage table. … We ended our special night with a romantic movie.”
  • Surprise your spouse with a special getaway together. The man who suggested this made reservations at a bed and breakfast, arranged for childcare, asked for time off from work for himself and his wife, and packed his and her bags. When he asked his wife to go to lunch on Valentine’s Day she was in for a wonderful surprise. “The little bit of effort I put into that weekend paid off huge for weeks to come.” (For an extra special experience, take your spouse to one of FamilyLife’s Weekend to Remember® marriage getaways. It’s one of the best investments you could make in your marriage. Find an event near you.
  • Give your wife a dozen roses. On each stem attach a note for a future date—to do something that she would enjoy. (For example, “Go to the symphony.”)
  • If possible, go on a date with your spouse to a restaurant that you enjoyed when you first met. After you order your meal, take some time to write down favorite memories from the past year. Then share your lists.
  • Have 11 roses delivered to your wife, and then give her a 12th yourself while reading her a love poem.
  • Fill a large box with helium balloons and special gifts for Valentine’s Day. The woman who suggested this said that her gifts included “new sleep shorts for him and a new nightgown for me, a box of chocolate-covered strawberries and red napkins … some new candles, and a romantic CD. He got the hint. And loved the weekend.”
  • Create an intimate Valentine’s Day evening at home, without the children. The woman who suggested this idea said that she and her husband “enjoyed planning the menu, shopping for the meal, and ultimately preparing the meal together. Cooking to soft, romantic music can really be a turn on! While dining, the same soft, romantic music is a wonderful mood-setter. Dinner was followed by just the two of us having the whole dance floor, our den, to ourselves. I won’t say what all this led to, but it was a truly romantic night that would not have happened at the local restaurant!”
  • Order food from a take-out restaurant and have a picnic for all the Valentines in your family on your living room floor. The person who suggested this said, “The kids look forward to this every year. When we tried to change it, they wouldn’t allow it … it has become a tradition. The kids see the value of family and a loving marriage.”
  • Privacy and weather permitting, watch a romantic movie on your deck or patio.
  • If you are separated across the miles, send a care package filled with things that are red.
  • Make a meal with symbols of love. Examples: Write I love you with string beans, make a tart in the shape of a heart …
  • Hide little heart candies in your spouse’s shoes, coat, car, etc. The woman who suggested this said that she’s been doing this for decades. “Now a couple of the grandkids help me with delight.”
  • Wives, show up at your husband’s office before lunch. Call him from the parking lot and tell him you are going to take him for a lunch rendezvous and that you will be waiting for him whenever he can take a break. Wear a nice outfit and tell him you have something sexy on underneath for when he gets home. Take him to a nice place for lunch and back to the office. Give him some great kisses telling him how glad you are to be married to him, and tell him you will be waiting for him when he gets home.
  • Fill a jar with Valentine candy and notes for your spouse. Examples of notes are: Good for a backrub, 10 kisses, etc. Notes could also express your love and respect: “I am so glad that God blessed my life with such a great husband like you.” Individually roll each note and tie it with a ribbon.
  • Surprise your spouse by taking a vacation day from work and enjoy Valentine’s Day at home. Have a relaxing morning together on the porch, deck, or patio. Then go to a favorite restaurant for lunch. The man who suggested this idea had also reserved a spa treatment and tanning session for his wife. “While she was doing that,” he says, “I went home and made her a special dinner.”
  • Write a poem for your spouse and frame it.
  • On individual note cards, write why you love your spouse. Insert these cards in a small photo album. The woman who suggested this idea began her album with a honeymoon picture and introductory note card, and ended it with a love note.
  • Surprise your husband when he comes home from work on February 14. Place a welcome sign on the kitchen table and leave a trail of red foil-wrapped Hershey kisses to your bedroom.
  • With roses in hand and permission from your wife’s boss, go to her workplace and read a love poem to her. The woman who shared this idea said, “I am a teacher in an inner-city school. Last year my husband dressed in my favorite suit and tie, came to my school with roses in hand. He got permission and assistance from the office staff to open the speaker system into my classroom and proceeded to read a long and beautiful love poem to me. He then came to my classroom and presented me with the bouquet of roses which I received while wiping my tears of joy and love for this wonderful man whom I have been married to for just under 30 years.”
  • Make a special “14 Reasons I Love You” Valentine’s Day breakfast for your sweetheart. On his/her plate, leave a letter or card listing 14 reasons that you love your spouse.
  • If possible, send a card postmarked in a town that has a romantic name such as Loveland, Colorado; Valentine, Texas; or Romance, Arkansas.
  • After your spouse goes to bed, tape notes to his car’s steering wheel with reasons that you love him, or decorate the bathroom mirror with lipstick kisses or Valentine’s window clings.

Have fun on February 14, and remember: Love is not meant to be given and received just on Valentine’s Day. Instead, it’s to be practiced every single day of the entire year.

The Lie We Live !

Freedom has been one of the major awards for which man has struggled throughout its existence. The power of decision is a fable that is currently possessed only by people, its a free course will that gives us the ability to guide our future.

In the following link you will see a short which will show you part of this dark reality of the human being:

We are currently subordinated by the economic power of great industries that control nonrenewable resources of our planet, a way to keep us controlled and manipulated under the nefarious capitalist markets.

The real freedom today can only be drawn in human imagination. But the media inoculated information in our subconscious, making us believe that we are masters of our actions. And the truth is: the more free we are, the more slaves we become.

If we lived in true freedom, we don’t have to meet all daily routines to which we are exposed. Work or go to school is one of the most tedious activities that the human being experiences throughout its existence.

The video below will show attests to the chaos in which the humanity is, a dark tunnel that predicts that we don’t have a brilliant start under the sun, but quite the opposite, our future is as dark as night.

In this video which is full of empty thoughts and unanswered questions although we boast of being an enlightened society, capitalist power is telling you what to think and how to act, which has generated an avalanche of chaos where they have gone harmed our environment, such as: animals and plants.

We are in many ways the cancer of the earth, the only species on this planet that ends its environment, even if our life depends on it. We are blind to the changes, but obedient to orders.